Asoka inscription mentions all the main feature of the administration of Mauryan Empire. Home \ [MCQ] Mauryan Empire> GK Question Answer Set 1. Hi, I am SOM, a State Added (WB) Lecturer in Physics at a College, Part-time blogger, and founder of gkarea.com, started blogging since 2015 and still learning. Within a decade after Alexander’s death, Taxila was absorbed into the Mauryan empire founded by Chandragupta, under whom it became a provincial capital. In 321, he seized the throne of Magadha. Greek historians have recorded his name as “Sandrakottus” or “Sandrakoptus”, which are evidently modified forms of Chandragupta. Although not of much significance in the present day, Taxila was one of the most important places in the ancient time during the Mauryan empire from 324 BC to 187 BC . Please Subscribe For More Update: GKArea. Answer: Tribute was unlike tax and it was collected as and when it was possible from people who gave a variety, of things, more or less willingly. A. Pushyamitra Sunga B. Vasudeva C. Bhadrabahu D. Kanishka. This occurred in 323 BCE. Question 11. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, and Kushan Empire periods. Ancient Taxila was situated at the pivotal junction of the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. Taxila Taxila was the eastern provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire. The Mauryan Empire Sources of Mauryan History Literary sources: Buddhist literature (The Jataka, The Divyavadana and Ashokvadana), the Puranas, Kautilya’s Arthashastra, and Indica of Megasthenese. Mauryan Empire Multiple Choice Questions. These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. Under Chandragupta, Taxila became a provincial capital. Answer: Taxila and Ujjain were the provincial capitals. Taxila had great influence on Hindu culture and the Sanskrit language. A period of peace and stability then ensued following this, but this peace was shattered when news reached the Mauryan capital of Pataliputra in 305 B.C. Ancient Taxila was an important city of Ancient India, situated at the pivotal junction of the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. After conquering over a neighboring people group, Chandragupta became a national power. It represented an important transition in Indian art from the use of wood to stone 321–317 BC - Chandragupta Maurya, founder of the Mauryan empire, makes himself master of northern and north-western India, including Panjab. Chandragupta Maurya's advisor Kautilya (also known as Chanakya) was a teacher at Takṣaśilā. These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. The Mauryan Empire was founded by an Indian man named Chandragupta Maurya, who conquered the northernmost parts of India after the death of Alexander the Great, who had ruled over that part of the world at the time. In the next 200 years, Taxila became a center of great learning. The Huna People, also known as Huns, invaded Gupta territory and caused significant damage to the empire. Under the king Asoka of Mauriya Empire, the city touched its peak in terms of development. Lomasha Risi and Sudama caves of Gaya are other great examples of wooden architectural heritage. During Ashoka reign, Taxila became one of the great seats of Buddhist learnings. Taxila. At it's peak, it ruled over more than a third of the world's poulation. The northern province, called Uttarapatha, had Taxila as its capital; the western province, known as Avantipatha, had its capital in Ujjain; Prachyapatha with its capital Toshali (Kalinga) formed the eastern province while Dakshinapatha with its capital Suvarnagiri was the southernmost province. TAXILA. Chanakya is credited with advising Chandragupta during the conquest of the Nanda and the defeat of the Greeks, and on the formation of a strong efficient government, which allowed the Mauryan Empire to rule almost the entire subcontinent (except the area south of present-day Karnataka), as well as substantial parts of present-day Afghanistan. 1. Who among the following assassinated the last Mauryan King Brihadrath? Taxila 700 B.C; Swat 400 B.C; People of Ancient Pakistan. It is perhaps best known for its association with Chanakya, also known as Kautilya, the strategist who guided Chandragupta Maurya and assisted in the founding of the Mauryan empire. Question 12. Who was Megasthenes? The imperial capital of the Mauryan Empire was at Pataliputra and the empire was categorized into four territories. Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the empire, and conquered much of the Indus Basin from, Selucis (the Greek General of Alexander) during the Mauryan - Selucid War. Mauryan Empire. The Mauryan Empire ceased to exist after c.185 bce when the last Maurya ruler, Brihadratha, was killed by his commander‐in‐chief (senapati), Pushyamitra Sunga, who founded another dynasty.The Mauryan Empire thus collapsed in fewer than fifty years after the death of Asoka. Alexander The Great’s General, Seleucus Nikator was defeated by … Comprising the majority of South Asia, the Maurya Empire was centralized by the conquest of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and its capital city was located at Pataliputra (modern Patna ). It is a small town located in Pakistan and falls between Rawalpindi & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road. i) There are five major political centers they were Patilaputra,Ujjayini, Tasali, Swarnagiri and Taxila. The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces, with the imperial capital at Pataliputra, near the Ganges River in the modern state of Bihar in India. After three generations of Mauryan rule, the city was annexed by the Indo-Greek kingdom of Bactria. Rise of the Mauryas The last of the Nanda rulers, Dhana Nanda was not popular due to his highly tax regime. The Mauryan empire began to disintegrate soon after the death of Ashoka around 232 BCE. According to the Rajavalikatha a Jain work, the original name of this emperor was Simhasena. According to a legend mentioned in the Jain texts, Chandragupta's Guru and advisor Chanakya used to feed the emperor with small doses of poison to … New questions in History. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, and Kushan Empire periods. Answer: Pushyamitra Sunga. Post Alexander’s invasion of North-Western India, that region faced […] Its prosperity in ancient times resulted from its position at the junction of three great trade routes: one from eastern India, described by the Greek writer Megasthenes as the The origin of Taxila as a city goes back to c. 1,000 BCE. Mauryan art is the art, mostly sculpture, produced during the period of the Mauryan Empire, which was the first empire to rule, at least in theory, over most of the Indian subcontinent, between 322 and 185 BCE. Next >> MCQ SET 2 – Mauryan Empire << Previous MCQ Set on Mauryan Empire. DECLINE OF THE MAURYAS. During his training in Taxila Chandragupta had grown to earn a liking for the Achaemenid style of governance and ruling, so he instituted a similar system in his Mauryan Empire. Before the Mauryan Empire, the Indian subcontinent was fragmented into hundreds of kingdoms that were ruled by powerful regional chiefs who engaged in warfare using their small armies. From Ashokan edicts, the name of the four provincial capitals were Tosali (in the east), Ujjain in the west, Suvarnagiri (in the south), and Taxila (in the north). Chandragupta’s another name is Sandrocottus, given by Greek Scholars. Inspired by Alexander, Chandragupta led a revolt against the Nandas years later and overthrew them. Chandragupta worked his way south throughout the upper … Universities of Taxila, Ujjain, and Varanasi were the famous centres of learning. The founder of Mauryan Empire was Chandragupta Maurya. Name the provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire? Explanation: PLS MARK AS BRAINLIEST. He served as king’s representative and governed the provinces. Taxila after this saw the most creative period under the rule of Gandhara. Chanakya's Arthashastra (The knowledge of Economics) is said to have been composed in Taxila. The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces with the imperial capital at Pataliputra. Kumara or the royal prince was the chief of the provincial administration. In the field of literature, Bhadrabahu’s Kalpasutra is attributed to the Mauryan period. The origin of Taxila as a city goes back to c. 1000 BCE. in the north west? When did the Gupta empire end? Taxila, ancient city of northwestern Pakistan, the ruins of which are about 22 miles (35 km) northwest of Rawalpindi. When the great ancient trade routes connecting these regions ceased to be important, the city sank into insignificance and was finally destroyed by the nomadic Hunas in the 5th century. It was said, Chanakya, the chief advisor of Chandragupta Maurya, used to teach here in Taxila. Ujjain Ujjain (or Ujjayini) was the western provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire. The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces. Panini 520-460 B.C ; Pingala 5th century B.C; 300 – 200 B.C -Mauryan Empire. The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power based in Magadha and founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated the Indian subcontinent between 322 and 185 BCE. Some time back I had mentioned about Taxila in one of my blogs briefly. Contemporary accounts by Greek historians show that Chandragupta was a youth living in Taxila when Alexander invaded India. With the help of Chanakya he overthrew the then ruling Nanda Dynasty. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire… Bindusara was the son of the first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta Maurya and his queen Durdhara. History MCQ Mauryan Empire Objective Question. On the other hand, his invasion changed the course of Indian history. What do you understand about ‘Tribute’? Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, and Kushan Empire periods. Upto where did Chandragupta Maurya’s empire extend. However, this was only an interlude in the history of Taxila’s subjection to conquerors from the west. 2. In Taxila, a young man named Chandragupta Maurya had seen the Macedonian army, and - believing that anything a European could do an Indian could do better - decided to train an army on a similar footing. University of ancient Taxila During his reign, the empire expanded southwards. These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. The origin of Taxila as a city goes back to c. 1000 BCE. 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