according to the presented algorithm (Fig. Clearly, the open-cycle gas turbine is an internal combustion engine, like … Blade type, size, degrees of admission and speed are influence to turbine efficiency, see figure 13 for impulse turbine and figure 14 for reaction turbine. Use reduction is the primary goal, regardless of the source of the energy. It produces 160 MW per unit with 37% efficiency. In the calculations of the gas turbine the own computational algorithm was used. The methodology of the gas turbine efficiency calculation 25 (8% in 4c) and the first stage of turbine (4% in 5c), the remaining 8% is used for cooling the following turbine stages (6c). In thermogasdynamic calculations of heat machines, the main physical parameter of the working fluid is its heat capacity, both true and average. A gas turbine model is developed into software for power plant simulation. The gas turbine outlet temperature is maintained at the level of t4a= 630 C. Depending on the pressure ratio, β, the COT is adjusted to obtain the de- The computational model was developed utilizing the MATLAB codes. This will be of great importance in the utilisation of Tidal Power. turbine and involves analysis of the velocity vector diagrams. However, at present, Based on object-oriented programming a simulation and exergy analysis of a combined cycle gas turbine is carried out in a free and open-source framework. In order to improve the performance of the combined cycle, much effort has been spent over the past decade on increasing gas turbine performance. Step 1 Define the steam turbine calculation. Passive ways to do so are the most effective. be produced from various sources, transported over large distances, and distributed to the end Fig. GE gas turbine performance characteristics - Mechanical drive gas turbine ratings MS7000 PG 12 (EA) Number Model of Shafts Application Series Power Approx Output Power in Hundreds, Thousands, or 10 Thousands of Horsepower R - Regen Blank - SC Frame 1 or 2 3,5,7 6,9 Mech Drive Pkgd Gen M - PG - … The low pressure in the cycle is 120 kPa. The analytical formula for specific work and efficiency are derived and analyzed. Comparing these charts, it can be seen that the average output of a power generation gas turbine in 2018 is 110 MW. sented in Fig. This chapter increase of turbine inlet combustor outlet and temperature. ASME Turbo Expo 2012, GT2012-68586. Keyword: Efficiency, gas-turbine, inlet temperature, power turbine. efficiency. The efficiency of any turbine or engine can be defined as its ability to convert the input energy into useful output energy which is expressed in the form of the following equation.. The optimization were carried out by means of own developed computational code, in which, the genetic algorithms and the GateCycle software were used to determine the thermodynamic objective function. The coldest and hottest temperatures in the cycle are 20oC and 1200oC respectively. A gas turbine is an engine designed to convert the energy of a fuel into some form of useful power such as mechanical power or high - speed thrust of a jet. covered include hydrogen production, storage, distribution, conversion, and safety. Fig 5b : Effect of steam temperature on turbine efficiency in back pressure type turbine. sure ratio for conservative (C) and optimistic (O) scenario. sor with intercooling of the compressed air. See Figure 9 below. Whilst there is usually plenty of water the available heads are low. For liquids, we usually call them “hydraulic turbines” or “hydroturbines”. GAS TURBINES AND JET ENGINES 5.1 Introduction History records over a century and a half of interest in and work on the gas turbine. For obtained results in all variants an economic evaluation was performed. 3he overall CHP efficiency for a backpressure boiler/steam turbine system is typically T Photo courtesy of Siemens slightly lower than the boiler efficiency. Fig 5b : Effect of steam temperature on turbine efficiency in back pressure type turbine. 101 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 103 /H [ 1167 865 ] /L 360815 /E 30351 /N 20 /T 358676 >> endobj xref 101 38 0000000016 00000 n 0000001111 00000 n 0000002032 00000 n 0000002249 00000 n 0000002436 00000 n 0000003244 00000 n 0000003627 00000 n 0000003649 00000 n 0000004326 00000 n 0000004348 00000 n 0000004973 00000 n 0000004995 00000 n 0000005620 00000 n 0000005642 00000 n 0000006282 00000 n 0000006304 00000 n 0000006967 00000 n 0000006989 00000 n 0000007671 00000 n 0000008533 00000 n 0000009334 00000 n 0000009710 00000 n 0000009770 00000 n 0000010572 00000 n 0000010943 00000 n 0000011473 00000 n 0000011495 00000 n 0000012158 00000 n 0000012180 00000 n 0000012859 00000 n 0000020137 00000 n 0000023156 00000 n 0000026341 00000 n 0000027183 00000 n 0000030043 00000 n 0000030122 00000 n 0000001167 00000 n 0000002010 00000 n trailer << /Size 139 /Info 100 0 R /Root 102 0 R /Prev 358665 /ID[<67e6762cb3b244f6044402042bb146d1><67e6762cb3b244f6044402042bb146d1>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 102 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 98 0 R >> endobj 137 0 obj << /S 858 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 138 0 R >> stream In the paper the infuence of the change of gas composition on the gas turbine characteristics is shown. Comparisons of wind turbine efficiency to the efficiency of other forms of power generation is meaningless and misleading (which is worse than meaningless). 3) State-of-art turbine designs developed through the 1700°C gas turbine component technology development program in Japanese National Project for high temperature components. Block diagram of the calculation algorithm for the compressor. What’s different he is doing!! !He is just mixing them up. An ideal turbine with 100% efficiency is the one which converts all its input energy into output work without dissipating energy in the form of heat or any other form. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The break-even prices of electricity were determined and the sensitivity analysis to the most significant economic factors were performed. There are shown the calculation algorithms based on iterative model for isentropic efficiency of the compressor and for isentropic efficiency of the turbine based on the turbine inlet temperature. For some reason, this efficiency graph shows the opposite relation Efficiency vs Altitude Performance Curve (Varying Temperature) T=274.15 T=284.15 T=294.15 4000 Altitude (m) The purpose of this research was to prove that gas turbine engines perform best in colder temperatures in two ways: experimentally and theoretically. Calculation Details Step 1: Determine Inlet Properties Using the Steam Property Calculator, properties are determined using Inlet Pressure and the selected second parameter (Temperature, Specific Enthalpy, Specific Entropy, or Quality). The case power plant is located in Marmara region as two units. The analytical study is done to investigate the performance improvement by intercooling. gas, oil, coal, and biomass. In Japan there is also ongoing research, C (3c) and used for cooling the combustor, is the average specific heat for the isentropic conversion, here, ), gas composition and the reference temp, , is read and basing on Eqs. efficiency of turbine, see red dot line at figure 9, 10 and 11. Developers of the programs for calculating thermophysical properties, as a rule, use functional dependencies which may have a different appearance for temperature and pressure intervals of the same substance. Unit Power Pu= Where, P= power at that instant Turbine Efficiency are one of the leading independent provider's of gas turbine overhaul & repair services, offering a range of light industrial gas turbine equipment solutions for the power, oil and gas and industrial markets. This paper includes an analysis of the sensitivity of the economic objective function to failures in the adherence of the optimal values of decision variables. This article is an attempt to refute this statement. (a) Regeneration (b) Intercooling and (c) Reheating. Scheme of the gas turbine: AF – air filter, C – compressor, CO – cooler, CCH – combustion chamber, T – turbine, G – generator, Qs – waste heat. MECHANICAL EFFICIENCY This is the efficiency with which the diagram power is converted into shaft power. M701G1 gas turbines have applied the basic structure of 1350℃ class M501F/M701F gas turbines which have abundant operating experiences and high reliability. Figs. MHI recently developed a 1600°C class J-type gas turbine, utilizing some of the technologies developed in the National Project to promote the development of component technology for the next generation 1700°C class gas turbine. As a result a change of the composition of the fuel gas supplied to the gas turbine occurs. The turbine is operational since 1968, therefore an efficiency assessment can highlight its present technical condition. HYDRAULIC EFFICIENCY This is the efficiency with which water power is converted into diagram power and is given by ηhyd= D.P./W.P. S.C. Bhatia, in Advanced Renewable Energy Systems, 2014. Ltd., which indicates that the key to the creation of a J-class turbine with, ratio and TIT a significant mistake is to assume constant internal efficiency, The gas turbine is modeled using commercial PC-based softw, Compressor inlet pressure loss (air filter), (8% in 4c) and the first stage of turbine (4% in 5c), the r, The gas turbine outlet temperature is maintained at, Isentropic efficiency of the compressor and the turbine are determinated. This analysis allowed the selection of variables such that a failure results in the highest increase of the break-even price of electricity. Some technologies which have been verified through component tests have been applied to the design of the newly developed 1600°C J-type gas turbine. This is explained by the fact that in the region close to the saturation curve, there is a steep change in all the thermophysical properties of substances including the isobaric heat capacity. The results are graphically presented in a Grassmann chart. Passive solar design uses features of the site, the climate and the building design to minimize the use of energy. Subsequently, the influence of the degree of integration of the gas turbine with the air separation unit on the main characteristics was analyzed. Furthermore, irreversibility reduced from 63.22% to 61.96% as the power turbine inlet temperature reduced from 732.46K to 710.26K. State-of-the-art thermodynamic simulation of energy conversion processes requires proprietary software. Calculate the nett power output. Introduction to gas turbines. 1. MECHANICAL EFFICIENCY This is the efficiency with which the diagram power is converted into shaft power. �,��3R���(�1�0k�'w���"���9��З~i���4N����;Р�rں��ʄ裝@0��wn��Y�� The exergy analysis identifies the thermodynamic inefficiencies. The calculations were realized for different cases of cooling of the gas turbine expander's blades (constant cooling air mass flow, constant cooling air index, constant temperature of blade material). This new frame is expected to achieve higher combined cycle efficiency and will contribute to reduce CO2 emissions. isentropic efficiency of the turbine and compressor are both 90%. Propulsive efficiency is … The trial operation of the first M501J gas turbine was started at T-point in February 2011 on schedule, and major milestones of the trial operation have been met. In reality, CCGT power plants often cycle frequently. As this covers overall problems of losses in energy, it is known as overall efficiency. Introduction . Contd..6/- -6- 100 34.8 99 34.5 Steam consumption, % 98 Turbine efficiency, % 34.2 97 33.9 96 33.6 95 33.3 94 33 93 92 32.7 686 679 672 664 657 650 642 635 628 620 613 686 679 672 664 657 650 642 635 628 620 613 Exhaust vacuum, mmHg Exhaust vacuum, mmHg Fig 6a : Effe efficiency decreases. This paper presents a gas turbine combined cycle plant with oxy-combustion and carbon dioxide capture. satisfy a demand for higher turbine inlet gas temperature have been also applied at development and design stages. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Global warming is being “prevented” by reducing power plant CO2 emissions. efficiency does decline as power output is reduced. In the paper a calculation methodology of isentropic efficiency of a compressor and turbine in a gas turbine installation on the basis of polytropic efficiency characteristics is presented. The efficiency of the turbine is defined as the ratio between the power developed by the turbine to the available water power P available P h = (3) In general the efficiency of the turbine is provided as isoefficiency curves. Turbine Efficiency % turbine = 4. : The main parameters of the gas turbine installation. For each of the following outlet condi-tions (state 2), determine the specified quantities. Assuming the structure of the system and the power rating of a combined cycle, the consumption of the synthesis gas for chemical production makes it necessary to supplement the lack of synthesis gas used for electricity production with the natural gas. In case of back pressure type turbine increase in steam inlet temperature by 10 deg C reduces the steam consumption in the turbine by about 1.5 % and improves the turbine efficiency by about 0.12 % as shown in figure - … The investigated system was a power plant with a triple-pressure heat recovery steam generator and extraction-condensation steam turbine. The average heat capacity рm c traditionally is used for thermogasdynamic calculations of heat machines (HM) and gas turbine engines, in particular [1], ... For a simulated TIT of 1400 • C, which is a value consistent with state-of-the-art GT technology, the resulting simple-cycle energetic efficiency for usual pressure ratios lies in the range of 38-41%. is the Shaft Power (02) (iii) Overall Efficiency: ( ) It is the ratio of the power available at the shaft to the power supplied at the inlet of a turbine. The variants of the plant differ by the heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) construction: the singlepressure HRSG (1P), the double-pressure HRSG with reheating (2PR), and the triple-pressure HRSG with reheating (3PR). 1) A high pressure ratio compressor based on the advanced M501H compressor, which was verified during the M501H development in 1999 and 2001. It is a No it’s not like that reaction turbines are more efficient, when all of this was happening, James B. Francis, an American civil engineer comes up with his turbine called Francis turbine. The project was based on an existing impulse turbine, a one-stage turbine set in an organic Rankine cycle with the working fluid being R245fa. Natural gas and liquid fuels might be used. temperature no longer means an increase in cycle efficiency, but increases the work done. Many of the supplementary fired cycles studied are found to have a thermal efficiency superior of the unfired cycles, based on the same gas turbines. Gas temperature at turbine inlet was equal to 1210°C when operating under normal conditions. About this page. The indices of economic efficiency, in the form of the break-even price of electricity, were chosen as the objective function in the optimisations. Parameters that could not be obtained directly from the log sheets were, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI) has developed the large capacity and high efficiency gas turbines, M701G1 with 1450℃ class turbine inlet gas temperature. Major subsystems required for a complete 1 and 2 show Gas turbine; Polytropic efficiency; Isentropic efficiency, are the thermal efficiency of a gas turbine and steam. A lot of consideration was put into the work of optimizing algorithm in each computational step (for example, the process of growing of the value both the objective functions along with values of most important optimized parameters has been shown) and to the discussion of differences between the economic and thermodynamic optimization results. 12b. direction to increase CCGT efficiency in the first place through the increase, in the case of the gas turbine installation are 4–5 times lower than in steam, ducers introduced the COT at the level of 1600, Limitations of these temperatures result f, the object of scrutiny of producers more than 10 years ag. Tohoku Electric Power Co., Higashi Niigata Thermal Power Plant #4 is the exhaust heat recovery type large capacity combined cycle power plant having more than 50% themal efficiency (HHV base). The performance of high head Francis turbines In the same diagram the efficiency of the model turbine is included for comparison. The engine could operate both in simple cycle with electric generator and a part of combined steam-gas plant with boiler-utilizer and steam turbine. $�a����T]�$W�@� Figure 9. �Rś���0��4���5|ܼ�q�Ǧ���=�*=^������7YM�m�����g���8|m����,��S"�M�l����y{��?��uҢJ��B�sR>��__�6U��_v��s���jY7_S � An ideal turbine with 100% efficiency is the one which converts all its input energy into output work without dissipating energy in the form of heat or any other form. The specific fuel consumption increases with increases of ambient temperature and lower turbine inlet temperature. It is observed that the thermal efficiency linearly increases at lower compressor ratio as well as higher turbine inlet temperature until certain value of compression ratio. Turbines (Most material from Fluid Mechanics, Çengel and Cimbala, Chapter 14) Introduction and Terminology: “Turbine” is a general term for any device that extracts mechanical energy from a fluid – generally converting it to rotating energy of a turbine wheel. As part of this national project, selected component technologies are investigated in detail. Wind turbine efficiency is a useful parameter for comparing performance of wind turbines to other wind turbines. The analytical dependencies were derived on the basis of previously obtained analytical expressions for the specific isobaric heat capacities of these gases. The effect of variation of SFC is more significance at higher ambient temperature than lower temperature. Blade size, speed and degrees of admission. All rights reserved. Gas turbine is also known combustion turbine. As shown in Figure 8, you can reasonably expect a maximum efficiency of around 60% for Hydrogen is another type of energy carrier. Large Francis turbine is individually designed for the site to operate at the highest possible efficiency, typically over 90%. The engine efficiency was equal to 36.0%. But that’s not a secret to hi… C (M701J and M501J for 50 Hz and 60 Hz, respectively), = 550 K in the G-class turbine, while the TBC, C). efficiency standards. Each chapter concludes with a checklist of sug­ gested actions for maximizing efficiency where appropriate. changing at the inlet and/or outlet conditions will affect the both turbine isentropic efficiency and thermal efficiency. However, the history of the gas turbine as a viable energy conversion device began with Frank Whittle’s patent award on the jet engine in 1930 and his static test of … The procedure to transform a physical model into a Python-based simulation program is shown. Hydraulic Turbine: Definition, Classification, Advantages, Disadvantages & Applications [PDF] Hydraulic turbine or water turbine is a rotary machine that converts potential energy and kinetic energy of water into mechanical work. Gross Electrical efficiency Gross Heat rate Turbine speed Compressor pressure ratio Exhaust gas flow Exhaust gas temperature NO. We are contributing to the overall solution by improving the gas turbine thermal efficiency for gas turbine combined cycle (GTCC). Fuel Boilers are commonly used to generate steam required for steam . This is used to get more velocity of the fluid for maximum power and efficiency [Because the turbine and wheel are designed in such a way that the water jet velocity is … Various methods of loss calculation were explored in the search for a … Reduced lifecycle costs with the SST-6000 steam turbine Siemens Steam Turbines of the SST­6000 series are widely operated in steam power plants with a power output up to 1,200 MW and an efficiency up to more than 46 percent. An assessment of this concept shows significant technical advantages and a potential for utility application by the year 1990. Herein, the gas turbine model is validated based on literature data. Formulas for average specific isobaric heat capacities are obtained by integrating expressions for specific isobaric heat capacities. Simple gas turbine cycle calculations with realistic parameters are made and confirm that increasing the turbine inlet, This paper presents the effect of ambient temperature and operation conditions (compression ratio, turbine inlet temperature, air to fuel ratio and efficiency of compressor and turbine) on the performance of gas turbine power plant. This paper is an insight into the design aspects of a wind turbine, like turbine … 6. High turbine efficiency Enhanced operational flexibility, high availability and long lifetime Low complexity and low total plant costs Short project schedule and insallation t time 8. is also proposed for the future hypersonic or supersonic space vehicles. If S.P. The measurements which are required to define the turbine efficiency are the pressure and temperature at the turbine inlet, the pressure at the turbine exhaust and the temperature drop in the turbine. The difference is the mechanical power loss. (National Energy Strategy, Executive Summary, 1991/1992) Increased energy efficiency has provided the Nation with significant economic, The paper presents the optimizing algorithm of selecting of gas-steam power plant parameters. The conclusion shows that a net efficiency of 63…65% is feasible with a hot gas temperature of around 1750°C based on the two scenarios. For this we may consider Fig. Calculating turbine efficiency is possible with knowledge of how much power the turbine produces and how much energy it needs to produce it. Hydraulic Efficiency: It is the ratio of power generated by the runner of the turbine to the water-energy supplied to the bucket of the runner. Gas turbine manufacturers boast efficiencies of 55 percent or greater, but this is the efficiency at full, or baseload power. calculation algorithms based on iterative model for isentropic efficiency of, the compressor and for isentropic efficiency of the tu, compressor and the turbine are developed by means of the ab, efficiency characteristics show that an increase of pressure ratio above 50, is not justified due to the slight increase in the efficiency with. Three new methods of increasing efficiency of turbine power plants are described: reheating of steam turbine, regenerative feed heating of steam turbine, and by binary vapour cycle of steam turbine. % full load = Where, Max load Capacity=1.6kw 5. efficiency. Efficiency improvement The achievable improvement in efficiency is about 0.5% per 10˚C live steam (LS) and reheat (RH) temperature increase, and 0.2% per 10 bar pressure increase. electric power exceeding 300 MW. = 1.4 and c It is assumed that the maximum acceptable compressor outlet temp, the temperature is needed, e.g., compressor with air intercooling or the use, basis of polytropic efficiency characteristics presented in Fig. setting the standard for hydropower efficiency GE provides a full range of hydro turbines with the market-leading technology. tion and increase boiler efficiency. The roughness of the polished parts of the prototype runner outlet and the machined guide vanes and the runner outside are between Ra 1.6 to Ra 3.2 turbine. The difference is the mechanical power loss. The turbine delivers work as in the closed cycle, but the exiting combustion gases pass into the atmosphere, as they must in all combustion processes. 9. The average specific isobaric heat capacities of gases are also functions of temperature and pressure cp = f(T, P) and take into account the effect of thermal dissociation. 7, which de-, The turbine inlet temperature is determined according to ISO-2314 stan-, is mixed with the gas flow from combustor prior to entering the turbine, as, The turbine isentropic efficiency is determined f, termined similar to (9) from relationship, If simplification in accordance with ISO-2314 is not applied, the cal-, ing air, which changes the gas composition and, the turbine is constant turbine outlet temp. The advantages of an analytical description in comparison with a tabular one are obvious, namely, compactness of information storage without reference to node points, the ability to integrate and differentiate, dependencies can be embedded directly in the program body and don’t require special subroutines to access to the tables. The overall efficiency of the turbine will fall short of this hydraulic efficiency due to some loss of head in the nozzle, air resistance to the rotating turbine, and losses at the bearings. The results of a DOE-funded study of solar-fossil hybrid power systems are summarized. Hence the pressure ratio of the turbine is, r pt = P 3 P 4 = 10.4251 1.0049 = 10.3743 The specific heats C pc and C pt are functions of the temperature within the compressor and turbine respectively. The results are curves showing net efficiency and specific power as functions of TIT. The methodology of the gas turbine efficiency calculation 25 (8% in 4c) and the first stage of turbine (4% in 5c), the remaining 8% is used for cooling the following turbine stages (6c). Fourteen design variables for the steam part were identified. The parameters considered during the data collection were pressures, temperatures and power output. In reality, CCGT power plants often cycle frequently. Capital and O&M Costs. Other data like the related pressure ratio and compressor exit temperature are shown too. below. It will be necessary to obtain the following operating data from the field. efficiency of the gas turbine, the power output must high, because it is proportional to the efficiency. Practical Steam Turbine Performance Calculations (using Flex Live’s Steam Flex routine or by manual methods) A steam turbine’s power and/or efficiency can be quickly and accurately calculated using Flexware’s Steam Flex steam properties program. Advanced steam turbine technology for improved operating efficiency Steam turbine efficiency has … application. As an example, a system analysis of a combined cycle gas turbine with district heating is presented. In the turbine machinery the energy conversion is indirect and always takes place through the change of kinetic energy of the fluid. This paper discusses the technical features and the updated status of the J-type gas turbine, especially the operating condition of the J-type gas turbine in the MHI demonstration plant, T-Point. The optimized variables were: pressure levels of working medium in steam part of cycle and characteristic differences of temperatures in heat recovery steam generator. changing at the inlet and/or outlet conditions will affect the both turbine isentropic efficiency and thermal efficiency. applications such as transportation and stationery power from off-peak storage. If an aircraft gas turbine engines operates in turbothrust or ramjet mode, (i.e. ratio for conservative (C) and optimistic (O) scenario. The compressor work does not depend on the parameters of the turbine, so in the first place calculations for the air compressor was performed to, Compressor isentropic efficiency is determined from the relationship de-, Block diagram of the calculation algorithm for the compressor is pre-. In the turbine the fluid flows from the pressure penstock into the turbine machine and first flows through a cascade of guide vanes. �X�b�N(رSs':�A��O]3a�� h���>P�ˏt ����D/���&��"6��ˆ�)��a��\,LS�:”��Zb�� ����|���Ɯ�n1�|{�z4L#X'�4801X4�z8��#Cn����l�MS']�h9�l��*��@p�� C��T endstream endobj 138 0 obj 756 endobj 103 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 97 0 R /Resources 104 0 R /Contents [ 108 0 R 110 0 R 112 0 R 114 0 R 116 0 R 118 0 R 127 0 R 129 0 R ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 104 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F1 119 0 R /F2 120 0 R /F3 105 0 R /F4 123 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 135 0 R /GS2 136 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs9 122 0 R >> >> endobj 105 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 181 /Widths [ 222 333 333 444 444 778 667 250 278 278 444 500 222 333 222 278 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 444 222 222 500 500 500 444 795 611 611 556 611 500 444 611 611 278 500 556 444 833 667 611 556 611 556 556 500 611 556 889 556 556 500 278 250 278 500 500 278 500 500 500 500 500 278 500 500 278 278 500 278 722 500 500 500 500 333 444 278 500 444 778 500 444 389 274 250 274 500 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 444 444 222 222 222 222 222 830 222 222 222 222 222 222 222 500 222 222 222 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /LLCDKF+Univers-CondensedBoldOblique /FontDescriptor 106 0 R >> endobj 106 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 722 /CapHeight 722 /Descent -217 /Flags 262240 /FontBBox [ -86 -250 1066 969 ] /FontName /LLCDKF+Univers-CondensedBoldOblique /ItalicAngle -12 /StemV 141 /XHeight 505 /CharSet (/T/b/Z/C/x/w/o/c/d/F/D/y/R/p/a/E/e/G/S/hyphen/g/f/n/I/A/period/r/space/h\ /V/s/i/L/H/W/t/zero/j/M/l/u/k/P/O/N/B/v/two/m) /FontFile3 132 0 R >> endobj 107 0 obj 597 endobj 108 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 107 0 R >> stream