dresden body image questionnaire interpretation

Marilou Bruchon-Schweitzer. This is in line with the results of the principal component analysis by Probst et al. the study, and the committee waived the requirement for ethical approval. Mage of sample 1 was 30.90 (SDage = 13.62), of sample 2 33.28 (SDage = 13.22). invariance. In the present Dutch sample Cronbach’s α for the subscales varied from α = .83 for self-aggrandizement to α = .92 for sexual fulfillment. 2015; 13:67–74. Fatigue as measured with the CIS may be regarded as, the opposite of vitality. Measures of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms have received little psychometric evaluation in adolescent samples. Antivir Ther. In items 19 and 30, differing across sex, being touched by others is the central, issue. The correlations between the measures that were used for construct validation and the DBIQ-NL were recalculated (see Table 3) after the DBIQ-NL was revised on the basis of the CFA, as reported in the following section. Multiple-Group Confirmatory Factor Analyses (MG-CFA) was evaluated in this study as well. Millsap and Kwok [78] describe the option of using a shortened version of the scale that omits the items that performed differently across groups, at the same time warning that this option results in as many versions of the scale as there are invariance studies. Søg efter jobs der relaterer sig til Dresden body image questionnaire scoring, eller ansæt på verdens største freelance-markedsplads med 19m+ jobs. The Dresden Body Image Questionnaire (DBIQ) [26, 27] is a 35-item scale (see Table 1) with positively and negatively worded items (reversely coded) that consists of five subscales: body acceptance (e.g., “I wish I had a different body”), vitality (e.g., “I am physically fit”), physical contact (e.g., “I do not like people touching me”), sexual fulfillment (e.g., “I am very satisfied with my sexual experiences“), and self-aggrandizement (e.g., “I use my body to attract attention”). Krauss Whitbourne S, Skultety KM. First, we investigated the subscales’ internal consistency and test-retest reliability. items due to respondents’ group membership. Body attitude (Dresden Body Image Questionnaire), body satisfaction (Body Cathexis Scale), body awareness (Somatic Awareness Questionnaire) and severity of depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) were measured. The CIS has demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties [54, 56]. This restriction leads to a considerable loss of model fit, which may indicate that men and women interpret questionnaire items in different ways. J Psychosom Res. Data curation, The study provides evidence for medium to strong associations in clinically depressed patients between body attitude, body satisfaction and depression. In this way consent was secured when participants completed the questionnaire and no formal informed consent was necessary. The sample consisted of … revised and the body image quality of life inventory across age and gender. The different aspects of relating to a body with symptoms are described. The original scale has 46 items, but most recent studies utilize a 40-item version [45]. The Dresden Body Image Questionnaire (DBIQ) was used to assess body image in five domains: body acceptance, vitality, physical contact, sexual fulfilment, and self-aggrandizement. BCS = Body Cathexis Scale; BIS-touch = subscale comfort with physical touch Body Investment Scale; CIS = Checklist Individual Strength. DBIQ-NL and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES) showed a correlation of r = .44. In order to establish construct validity, of the DBIQ-NL we evaluated the association with specific related constructs, namely body sat-, isfaction, comfort with touch and fatigue, expecting high correlations for the DBIQ-NL with, these measures. physical health. J Sex, https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2012.658586. just met the often used threshold of 0.90. PMID: Fleiss JL. Methods: Methods Psychol Res Online. The importance of the dimensions physical contact and, sexuality is largely unknown, although they are often mentioned by patients as problematic, body contact as well as sexuality emerged as separate factors [, with the psychometric indication of the importance of these aspects, make its inclusion worth-, while. Testing measurement invariance using the confirmatory factor analysis framework. Appearance and functionality satisfaction were measured before the assignment; appearance and functionality satisfaction, self-objectification, and body appreciation were measured after exposure. In model 2sC factor loadings as well as intercepts are constrained to be equal across men and women. It may be concluded that the DBIQ has potential surplus value in the field of body image, since it covers a broad range of body image dimensions and includes important dimensions such. SPSS 17.00 for Windows was used for general statistical analyses. We performed multiple-group analyses with respect to gender and age after investigating the overall five-factor structure of the DBIQ-NL, because MG-CFA provides the opportunity to identify items that are non-invariant across groups. The confirmatory factor analyses were performed on a group of 200 patients suffering from non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, and highlighted an acceptable construct validity of the Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire. A revised 31-item model, from which the 4 items (items 15, 19, 28, 30) primarily responsible for lack of invariance across sex and age were deleted, was evaluated. For standardized factor loadings of the full and reduced item sub-scales see S3 Table. The equal, item intercepts hypothesis, implying factorial invariance, however, was not supported for all, subscales across sex and age. The overall impression is that body image is affected in a diverse range of mental health problems. Invariance across sex in item 15 (“I choose, clothing that hides the shape of my body”) could be explained by the fact that for men, in con-, trast to women, clothing is not a well-known strategy to camouflage less accepted parts of the, related cultural differences with regard to showing the body. In general, the study results suggested that the Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire represented a tool that was brief and easily administered and can be used for both clinical and research applications to assess the individual differences in the psychosocial adjustment to diabetes. The Dresden Körperbildfragebogen (DBIQ, Dresden Body Image Questionnaire) particularly served this purpose. Thus, conclusions about the fit of the model can be based on the consistency between fit-indices. Int J Sex Health. Body image . Pearson’s r between the DBIQ-NL and Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) correlated r = .60 (see Table 3). Research shows that women are generally more preoccupied, ]. In order to establish construct validity we evaluated the association with a related construct, body cathexis, and with indices of self-esteem and psychological wellbeing. 2012; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2012.02.003. 2014; 38:181–96. Partial invariance of certain items signals qualitative group differences that render exact between-group comparisons with respect to subscales including these items possibly less meaningful. Assessment of this complex relation to the body could be of great use in research and clinical practice. Yes Methods: 2014; 10:85–. It may be concluded that the DBIQ has potential surplus value in the field of body image since it covers a broad range of body image dimensions and includes important dimensions such as touch and sexuality that are not well represented in other measures of body image. Results indicate that the DBIQ-NL is a reliable and valid instrument for non-clinical subjects. The DBIQ-35 (Pohlmann, Roth, Brahler, and Joraschky, 2014; ... Higher subscale scores indicate a more positive body experience. In our analysis partial invariance was investigated by, ]. However, this concept has not been defined adequately and suitable assessment instruments are needed in order to be able to refer patients to appropriate treatment and to evaluate treatment effects. Of the respondents all were given the DBIQ-NL to fill out. Eur J Cancer 37(2):189-197, 2001) and to analyze its psychometric properties in a sample of women with breast or gynaecological cancer. Note: DBIQ-NL = Dresden Body Image Questionnaire, Dutch translation; OQ-45 = Outcome Questionnaire; RSES = Rosenberg Self-es, For description of the samples 1a, 1b, and 2, see procedure and, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181908.t003, Confirmatory factor analysis and measurement invariance on sample 1, First, a five-factor model identical to the original German version, Next, based on inspection of the modification indices of this model a five-factor model (Model, 2) with item 33 (“I like showing my body”) loading on self-aggrandizement instead of body, acceptance was evaluated. Since no reference is made in the BCS to physical contact, a subscale of the Body Investment Scale (BIS) [51] was used to establish the association with the subscale ‘physical contact’ of the DBIQ. The Dresden Body Image Questionnaire (DBIQ) [29, 30] is a 35-item questionnaire with positively and negatively worded statements across five subscales: body accept- ance (e.g., “I wish I had a different body”), vitality (e.g., “I am physically fit”), physical contact (e.g., “Physical con- tact is important for me to express closeness”), sexual fulfilment (e.g., “I am very satisfied with my sexual expe- riences”), and self … By adding the four dimensions a CIS total score can be calculated. Struct Equation Model. 2000; 57:353–7. 44 respondents only completed the DBIQ-NL and did not fill in any additional questionnaires. They seem to have a disturbed relationship to their body. Discover a faster, simpler path to publishing in a high-quality journal. Four out of five items relating to patients’ ability to perceive the body had low inter-rater reliability values (ICC < 0.40 or Kappa < 0.20). The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Dutch translation of the DBIQ (DBIQ-NL) in a non-clinical sample. Temporal reliability and construct validity were satisfactory. The reliabil-, De Jong K, Nugter MA, Polak MG, Wagenborg JEA, Spinhoven P, Heiser WJ. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1740-1445(03)00002-0, zinsky T, editors. Models 2A-2C show measurement invariance tests for sex (2sA-2sC) and age (2aA-2aC) re-. Jerome Gilliard. Appl Social Psychol. Michèle Koleck. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) was 0.960. Higher scores indicate a more positive body, ], the “Fragebogen zur Bewertung des eigenen Ko, rperbildfragebogen (DKB-35), original version in German; for Dutch version, see, = .65 (body acceptance and vitality), indicating the overlap between the, ], somewhat different from the translation presently used, reported Cronbach’s, for the subscales between .77 and .90. The subscale physical contact of the BIS comprises of six items with statements like “I enjoy physical contact with other people”. 0.50), with the exception of medium differences between women and men on the subscale sexual fulfillment (d = 0.60) and between the younger and older age group on the subscale self-aggrandizement (d = 0.70). This provides a sound basis for further investigation of the DBIQ-NL in a clinical sample. Analyses were conducted with Mplus Version 5.1 [, tion maximum likelihood (MLR) estimator to correct for the skew distribution of several items, model selection and fit, the 5-point Likert items were treated as continuous measures [, Complete descriptives for all items used for the CFA are provided in, Because a five factor model was shown to be adequate for the German questionnaire, we, investigated the fit of this model to the Dutch samples, aiming to obtain fit measures close to, those of the German model. The modification indices for correlated errors suggested partly the same (between reversed items 23 “I wish I had a different body” and 28 “If I could change something about my body, I would do it”), and partly different correlated errors (between reversed items 24 “I consciously avoid touching other people” and 19 “I do not like people touching me”), as reported by Pöhlmann et al. The Dresden Body Image Questionnaire (DBIQ) was used to assess body image in five domains: body acceptance, vitality, physical contact, sexual fulfilment, and self-aggrandizement. Changes in the observer ratings before and after therapy were evaluated. Based on inspection of the modification indices, the following items were identified as contributing to lack of strong invariance across sex: item 19 (“I do not like people touching me”), item 30 (“I only allow a few people to touch me”), and item 15 (“I choose clothing that hides the shape of my body”). hricht F, Seidler KP, Joraschky P, Borkenhagen A, Lausberg H, Lemche E, et al. The Outcome Question-. Information about the aim of the study, and the voluntary and anonymous nature of participation was given before participants, entered the study. Unlike the term seems to suggest, not only the way we evaluate our appearance is part of our body image, but also our attitude towards bodily experiences in interaction with others, sense of body ownership [3] and our evaluation of our body in terms of functionality and vitality [4]. Davison TE, McCabe MP. Therefore, factor loadings can be considered as invari-, ant across sex. Download. Correlations between the subscales, ]. posttraumatic stress disorder after childhood sexual abuse and co-occurring eating disorder. 1992; 112:155–9. term seems to suggest, not only the way we evaluate our appearance is part of our body image, but also our attitude towards bodily experiences in interaction with others, sense of body own-, body image have impact on psychosocial functioning [, with poorer psychological adjustment in non-clinical samples [, body image has also been reported in a broad range of psychiatric disorders [, body image in eating disordered female patients has been extensively researched, associated with negative or disturbed body image. esteem Scale. Note that all (sub-)scale scores are calculated as. Data were obtained from two samples with a total of 988 (sample 1. respondents between 18 and 65 years old, consisting of 583 (433; 150) women and 403 (326; 77) men (sex was unknown for two respondents). In model A, specifying ‘configural invariance’, the same factor structure is imposed on the two groups (formed by either sex or age)In the next model (B), specifying ‘weak invariance’, the factor loadings are constrained to be equal across groups. Internal consistency was good with little overlap between the subscales. J Aging Health. The moderate associations between the DBIQ-NL and the OQ-45 and RSES confirm the relation between body image, psychosocial well-being and self-esteem and its importance when assessing non-clinical samples [5, 6]. The best fitting model (Model 2) was further evaluated for measurement invariance in a multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (MG-CFA) with sex and age as grouping variables. Arch Neurol. J Clin Psy-. To assess body-relatedness, standardized observation by a physical therapist may add valuable information to questionnaires. Group comparisons of scale scores are only meaningful in case of measurement invariance across groups. Assessment of this complex relation to the body could be of great use in research and clinical practice. In view of the sufficiently large sample size and focus on, ] study, (1) translation of the items, (2) non-clinical samples, and (3) using a CFA, ]. University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Rob Giel Research Centre, Groningen, The Netherlands, Roles Validation of the subscales for physical contact and vitality by. The term ‘body image’ has been used to describe a variety of body-related phenomena, including perceptions, cognitions, affects, and awareness with regard to the body [1,2]. Level of agreement is scored on a 5-point, . Construct validity was investigated by correlations. The impact of body image experiences: development of the body image quality, Cash TF, Theriault J, Annis NM. 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To detect possible improvements with, a new Form of peer victimization interventions at. Dissertation ], Technischen Universita, —Development and application, Seidler KP, P. Items that performed differently across groups were in the top 100 of the study are [!
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